More than 300,000 people live around Lake Tur- kana where the “Turkana Boy,” the oldest human fossil (1.6 million years old) in the world was discov- ered. The locals, who are engaged in fishing and livestock farming, live a life of isolation in the lands where the earliest fossil of mankind and stone tools were discovered.

Lake Turkana, in the north of the Kenyan Rift Valley, is the world’s largest desert lake and the only permanent water source in the region. This is vitally important in terms of the sensitive ecosystem and wildlife in the region. In addition to the many spe- cies of fish including catfish, pu
ffer, tilapia, and Nile perch fish, the lake also hosts Nile crocodiles, and hippopotamus and bird species such as cormorants and kingfishers.

Lake Turkana, resembling a mirage in the depths of the desert, is also called the Jade Sea. In 1997, this valuable sea and its surrounding national parks were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The extremely arid Turkana region receives rain every five years; moreover, this ancient lake is constantly losing water due to evaporation. Although some of the fishing boats have began to rot on the shores, the hospitable and strong people of the region con- tinue to survive. Lake Turkana is as interesting as its geographic beauty and continues to maintain its unique, authentic culture. The tribal people exhibit samples of their traditional dances and ceremonies to visitors.

Tribes that have lived for hundreds of thousands of years will continue to exist for as long as Lake Tur- kana exists, and so will the lake’s wild inhabitants... 

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