Though the battle of çanakkale is well known to historians, its naval part is overshadowed by the events that took place on land. The real chaos, however, was at sea. The battle of çanakkale, a victory that is celebrated by turks on march 18, was written in the sea. This is the day when the great campaign, led by the british, was defeated. Throughout the battle, in which ottomans lost ships as well, the british, french and australian battleships were sunk either by the gunners on land, mines, or were torpedoed by submarines, causing the allied powers to leave çanakkale defeated.
The sunken ships are still in Çanakkale, submerged at various depths in the water. They’re the witnesses to this war, standing proof of what happened. When divers come close to these monuments (with the necessary authorization), they are not only faced with a gloomy scene but also witness the vessel’s glorious and proud stature.
The British destroyer, Louis, lies towards the northernmost part in the Anafartalar Port at a 14-meter depth. Near this ship, sunk on October 31, 1915, is Lundy at 28 meters. It’s possible to see them with the naked eye when the tide is low. The freighter Milo in Arıburnu (at 7 meters) is the closest to the shore.
The battleship Triumph bombarded the Turkish trenches in the morning of May 25, 1915, and was on a break. Hersing, the commander of the German U21 submarine, an Ottoman ally, saw Triumph through the periscope and fired the torpedo. Now off the coast of Kabatepe Harbor, Triumph lies at a 72 meter depth.
The U-21 submarine that sunk Triumph also submerged Majestic with a torpedo on May 27, 1915. Majestic is situated towards the south of Gelibolu Peninsula, where the most valuable wrecks are located. Midilli is the farthest, with Carthage, and Majestic, the closest.
Muavenet-i Milliye was assigned to sink Goliath, which was named “harrigan” by the Turkish soldiers and docked at Morto Port, just at the entrance of Çanakkale Strait. By-passing the enemy patrol vessel, Muavenet-i Milliye sunk Goliath with three torpedoes. Situated at 74 meters, Goliath’s sinking caused Winston Churchill and Lord Fisher to resign.
Sunk off the coast of Kumkale, the E14 submarine is partly stuck in sand while Renarro minesweeper is at a depth of 70 meters. Ocean, which hit a mine on March 18, 1915 and was hauled by cannon balls from the land, and Bouvet (which sunk together with 603 seamen off the coast of Güzelyalı Village) are also located here. A bit to the northeast of Bouvet, Irresistable was sunk in the cold waters of the Strait on March 18, 1915.
Mesudiye armored ship, in honor of which “a memorial dive” is organized every year in the Çanakkale Strait, was torpedoed on December 13, 1914. Norman Holbrook, the commander of the submarine B11 that sunk Mesudiye, was rewarded the Victoria Cross, the highest award in the United Kingdom’s honors system awarded to members of the British armed forces.
For the Turks, Barbaros Hayrettin armored ship is the most valuable wreck in Çanakkale Strait. It was sunk by the British submarine E11 on August 8, 1915 between Doğanarslan and Gelibolu lighthouses.
Situated in the Sea of Marmara (but the first one to cross the Çanakkale Strait), the Australian AE2 submarine lies off the coast of Karabiga at 72 meters.