CONSTANTA IS ROMANIA’S LARGEST PORT. THIS ANCIENT PORT CITY IN THE DOBROGEA BETWEEN THE DANUBE AND THE BLACK SEA IS PERMEATED BY SEA END 2,600 YEARS OF HISTORY. THERE ARE INNUMERABLE OTTOMAN MONUMENTS IN CONSTANTA, WHICH IS HOME TO A LARGE NUMBER OF TURKMENS.
The square named for one of the most prominent poets in Latin literature, Ovidius Publius Naso, is also the starting point of your Constanta tour. Here, you can view the statue of Ovid made by the renowned Italian architect Ettore Ferrari in 1887 and visit the National Museum of History and Archaeology, one of Romania’s richest museums with its exhibition of 430,000 items ranging from photographs and maps to coins and furniture from the Paleolithic right up to the modern age.
A building, directly behind the National Museum of History and Archaeology, houses thousands of Roman mosaics. The existing fragments show that the area was built up towards the end of the 4th century and that the city was a commercial capital up to the 7th century. Archaeological ruins in the region indicate the existence of shops and workshops. You can also see the historic Roman baths here.
As you stroll through Archaeology Park in the heart of the city, you will discover history at the same time. You can see the modern Victory Monument erected here in 1968 as well as the city’s 3rd century defense walls in this park brimming with Roman statuary.
Natural Sciences Museum Complex
There’s a lot to see here. When you leave the Aquarium, where you will see thousands of species of sea animals, you can go to the Planetarium and view the stars and the planets. After observing numerous species of birds from different continents in the museum's exotic birds section, you can tour first the Micro Delta, which will help you understand the Dobrogea’s natural structure, and then the Dolphinarium, where you can watch sea animals performing. The Natural Sciences Museum Complex is a must see for children and adults alike.
Europe’s second longest river, the Danube originates in Germany and empties into the Black Sea north of Constanta. A variety of cruises are available on the river. Join one that starts from Constanta and enjoy a pleasant outing.
Mamaia northeast of Constanta is one of Romania’s most popular resorts. The region between the Black Sea and Lake Siutghiol is fairly bursting with hotels and campsites. The region also boasts the pure white sugar sand normally found in the tropics. Mamaia is a magnificent vacation spot from June to October especially.
The approximately 8-meter-tall Genoese lighthouse stands on a pier with a fabulous view of Constanta. Directly behind the lighthouse, which was built in 1860, is a statue of Romanian poet Mihai Eminescu overlooking the sea.
Built in the 19th century, the Lion House exhibits the Genoese and early Roman architectural styles. This imposing structure is named for the impressive lion figures atop its four columns.
A wide array of flavors awaits you in Constanta. You can make your choice from world cuisine, or you can sample the traditional ethnic dishes. Conspicuous among the choices are Turkish-style specialties like “gözleme” pancakes, kebabs, kofta in sauce, and stuffed cabbage. A coastal city, Constanta is also rich in fish restaurants.
Now it’s time for two beautiful mosques on our Constanta tour. The first is Mahmudiye Mosque to the south of the large square on Strada Arhiepiscopiei. The minaret of this elegant Ottoman monument built in 1910 is reached by climbing a 140-step staircase. A mufti serves at this place of worship, which is also Romania’s central mosque. Our second place of worship in the city is Hünkâr Mosque. The minaret of this 1868-built structure is reminiscent of those on African mosques. Another important feature of this mosque is that its sandstone minaret is 24 meters tall.